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The gateway to the Upper Assam area and to the state of Nagaland, the Jorhat district is considered as one of the business and commercial hubs of Assam. The business and economy of Jorhat is centred on agriculture and tea industry. Tea is one of the major sources of revenue in Jorhat which acts as both agricultural and industrial resource bringing in huge revenue to the city.
During the times when Jorhat was a part of the Sibsagar district, Jorhat used to serve as the headquarters of trade. The rise of Jorhat to its present stage has been contributed by factors such as direct connection with Kolkata by air, location of financial institutions, proximity to a suitable river port at Nimati and other commercial carrying.
Industries in Jorhat
Already known as the “tea capital of the world”, tea is one of the largest industries in Jorhat. Tea occupies primary position in the big and medium industries in Jorhat. Tea industry has contributed to a lion’s share to the economy of Jorhat. There are quite a large number of tea gardens, as many as 135 tea gardens, in Jorhat, occupying a considerable amount of area and producing huge quantity and premium quality tea. Jorhat also has the headquarters of ONGC East India and Assam Arakan Basin.
Agriculture in Jorhat
The economy of Jorhat is dependent on agriculture. Most of the population of Jorhat are engaged in agriculture. The predominant field crop here is rice with per capita food grain production of 205 kg per annum. The principal crops grown in the Jorhat district are paddy, wheat, gram, pea, lentil, mustard, potato, sugarcane and pumpkin etc. The commercial commodities produced in the district are rice, vegetables and milk. Other than agriculture people are also engaged in livestock and poultry farming and fisheries. People are also engaged in handloom and textile, handicraft and weaving works especially the womenfolk.
Economic Activities in Jorhat
The main items that Jorhat imports are pulses, tobacco, mustard oil, cement, chemicals, textile, drugs and all kind of consumer products while the export items include tea, forest products, jute, oil, packaged food products and so on.
Tourism industry also generates good revenue to the economy of Jorhat. Located here in Jorhat are many historical monuments of Assamese culture, the city has also seen vibrant growth of malls, hotels and restaurants and also Jorhat serves as the base to tourism spots like Kaziranga National Park and Majuli island and so one of the major share of the economy of the city comes from tourism industry.