Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
The Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a reserve forest in the year 1881. Earlier the forest area was up to the foothills of the Patkai mountain range and the area was surrounded by tea gardens and many small villages all around. The protected area started to get shrink in 1896 and the forest gradually fragmented and hence the reserve forest got isolated from the foothills.
Artificial regeneration was used to develop the site’s biodiversity in the year 1924 and during this time forests were added to the area, increasing its total area. The sanctuary officially came in to being in the year 1997 and in 2004, the Government of Assam named it the Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary for containing dominant tree species Hollong.
- Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary has India’s only gibbons.
- The sanctuary is named after gibbon as it has the highest number of gibbons in India.
- It is also home to the Bengal slow loris - Northeast India’s only nocturnal primate.
- The other primates of the sanctuary include Northern pig tailed macaque, stump tailed macaque, Eastern Assamese macaque, capped langur, rhesus macaque, etc. Other than the primate, animals like tigers, elephants, leopards, barking deer, sambar, wild pig, wild boar, jungle cats, squirrel and civet are also found in the sanctuary.
- 219 species of birds such as owl, India pied hornbill, eagle, hill myna, osprey, white winged wood duck and kalij pheasant are found in the area.
- There are also several types of reptiles such as common monitor lizard, Indian python, tortoise, Indian cobra, India tent turtle are frequently seen in the sanctuary.
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Tel: 0376-232008 (O)